The Washington based Environmental Working Group (EWG), a
nonprofit organization, has released the updated 2013 edition of
its Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce.
EWG highlights the worst offenders with its “Dirty Dozen” list
and the cleanest conventional produce with its “Clean 15” list.
The guide ranks pesticide contamination on over 40 popular
fruits and vegetables. To determine the ranking, the EWG
analyzes more than 28,000 samples that have been tested by the
U.S. Dept of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration.
You can lower your pesticide intake by avoiding the 12
most contaminated fruits and vegetables and choosing
the least contaminated produce. EWG advises you to buy
organic versions of the 12 items on its “Dirty Dozen” list.
Still using herbicides or insecticides in your home or on your
lawn? Please research the many non-toxic alternatives.
- Computer search "dirty dozen, clean 15" for the current year.
- Print the lists. Keep them in your wallet. Consult when
shopping for fruits and vegetables. Learn how country of
origin or season can make a "clean" fruit riskier.
- Check out your local farmers' market. Ask vendors how their
produce is grown.
- Consider growing lettuce in containers!
- Be aware that conventional grain products also contain
pesticide residues. Find ways to begin small improvements.
- Be aware that if our bodies "store" toxins we are unable to
excrete, then the meat of animals raised conventionally also
Want to buy fewer
pesticides for your
Just look at those strawberries!
Yum! Gorgeous, and soo good
for you, aren't they?
Well, that depends.
These are the updated 2013 lists. 2014 information follows.
The 2012 Dirty Dozen Plus and the Clean 15: When Buying Organic Does (and Doesn't) Make Sense
By Lylah M. Alphonse, Senior Editor, Yahoo! Shine | Healthy Living – Mon, Jun 18, 2012 8:07 PM EDT
Worried about pesticides and produce? Wondering if it's worth it to go organic? The Environmental Working Group has released its 2012 guide to the
most- and least-contaminated crops out there -- its "Dirty Dozen" and "Clean 15" lists -- and this year there are a few new items to watch out for,
including certain types of baby food.
The group also took a look at commercial baby food for the first time. "Department scientists analyzed about 190 samples each of prepared baby
food consisting of green beans, pears, and sweet potatoes," the report said (it did not name specific brands). Green beans prepared as baby food
tested positive for five pesticides, while 92 percent of pear samples had at least one type of pesticide and three samples tested positive for Iprodione,
a probable carcinogen which is not registered with the EPA for use on pears. Sweet potatoes, which are long-time members of the "Clean 15" group,
had nearly no pesticide residue at all.
"Federal testing of pesticide residue in baby food was long overdue, as infants are especially vulnerable to toxic compounds," said Andrew Weil,
MD, Founder and Director, Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine. "Now that it has begun, the results are highly disturbing. It is bad enough that
baby food contains pesticides at all; the fact that pears contain a likely human carcinogen is an outrage."
Weil recommends that parents purchase organic baby food if they're not able to prepare their own. "It is vital that an infant's developing brain and
nervous system receive only uncontaminated, nutrient-dense foods," he said.
"For baby food, I would probably recommend that parents take the time to prepare their own baby food using either organic produce or produce they
buy from a reliable source," Harvard's Dr. Lu agreed.
While buying organic produce is often the best way to avoid pesticide contamination, it's not an option for everyone, especially people who are
already struggling to make ends meet. The EWG notes that "the health benefits of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables outweigh the risks of pesticide
exposure," and the Federal Food and Drug Administration says that consumers can remove pesticide residue on the surface of produce by
removingouter leaves and washing the food in cold running water (no soap or bleach necessary). Still, the EWG suggests that you buy organic
versions of the "Dirty Dozen" (or from local farmers markets, or grow in your own garden) whenever possible:
Conventionally grown items on the "Clean 15" list are generally low in pesticides. "More than 90 percent of cabbage, asparagus, sweet peas,
eggplant and sweet potato samples had one or fewer pesticides detected," the report says. "Of the 'Clean Fifteen' vegetables, no single sample had
more than 5 different chemicals, and no single fruit sample from the 'Clean Fifteen' had more than 5 types of pesticides detected."
Copyright © 2012 Yahoo Inc.
Apples, celery, and sweet bell peppers top this year's "Dirty Dozen," which has been expanded to the
"Dirty Dozen Plus" in order to include green beans and leafy greens like collards and kale. (You can read
the entire report here.) Though they don't meet traditional criteria for the Dirty Dozen, green beans and
leafy greens are often contaminated with organophosphate insecticides. "These insecticides are toxic to
the nervous system and have been largely removed from agriculture over the past decade," the EWG
said in its report. "But they are not banned and still show up on some food crops."
Pesticides aren't necessarily just on the surface of the food, Chensheng (Alex) Lu, Associate Professor
of Environmental Exposure Biology at the Harvard School of Public Health told Yahoo! Shine in an
interview. "If you look at apples, for example, they often spray from March to late June. After that they
don't spray anything," he said, explaining that in many cases the fruit grows with pesticides already in it,
thanks to pesticide seed treatment programs where seeds are soaked in pesticides before they're even
planted. "It started with corn, but now is used with a lot of different kinds of produce," he said.
According to the EWG, 96 percent of celery samples, 96 percent of peach samples, and 88 percent of
spinach samples contained residue from one or more pesticides. Up to 15 different pesticides were
detected on a single sample of grapes, 93 percent of apple samples had traces of two or more pesticides
on them, and samples of lettuce sported 78 different pesticides. Cucumbers, a newcomer to the Dirty
Dozen Plus, turned up 10 different pesticides on a single sample.
|Apples are one fruit you should
buy organic whenever possible.
|The Clean 15:
|The Dirty Dozen Plus:
sweet bell peppers
+ kale, collards,
and leafy greens